The Auto-clustering feature allows you to automatically add servers to a cluster, and automatically manages the cluster configuration for you. The following configuration steps are required to set up auto-clustering.
Note: You must complete all installations steps in the Cluster Setup document before performing any of these installation steps.
Download and Apply a License Pack
Auto-clustering requires a valid Enterprise license pack. Enterprise clients and customers wishing to trial dotCMS can request license packs from dotCMS website.
License packs are a zip file of multiple license designed for auto-clustering. The entire .zip file can be uploaded to any server that is part of the cluster. Once the license pack is uploaded, a license can be chosen for the current server.
For more information on applying licenses, see the License Management documentation.
Add Additional Servers to the Cluster
The rest of the server nodes in the cluster do not need their own database or assets folder, and do not need separate licenses. Instead, each additional server in the cluster must only:
- Have a symbolic link to the same asset directory as the first server.
- Share a connection to the same database.
No other configuration is required. However the following settings found in the dotcms-config-cluster.properties file can be used to modify Auto-clustering behavior:
|Timeout (in seconds) before a node will be considered unresponsive (please see Unresponsive Nodes, below).
Note: 30 minutes without a heart beat provides a reasonable time window to perform normal server changes without dropping the node from the cluster.
0 0/1 * * * ?
(once every minute)
|The frequency to check for dead servers in the cluster.
As each additional node starts up, it will recognize that it shares the same database and assets directory as the first node in the cluster, and will automatically search for an available license from the license pack already uploaded to the first server. If a license is available, it will automatically be assigned, as long as there are enough valid licenses in the license pack for each node. Additional license packs can always be uploaded to the first server, allowing scaling of the cluster over time.
If a node's “heartbeat” is not detected before the
HEARTBEAT_TIMEOUT expires, then the node will be dropped from the cluster. If a node is dropped, dotCMS will:
- Free the license.
- Update the Elasticsearch replica count.
- Rewire the cache and Elasticsearch.
If a temporarily disconnected server is re-discovered within 30 minutes, the server can still re-join the cluster normally.
Elasticsearch Replica Management
By default, the Auto-clustering feature handles the replicas for Elasticsearch. The default configuration setting
AUTOWIRE_CLUSTER_ES is also set to true by default.
AUTOWIRE_CLUSTER_ES is set to true OR if
ES_INDEX_REPLICAS is set to anything other than a fixed integer, then backend UI manual management of clustered elastic search replicas is disabled.
ES_INDEX_REPLICAS is set to a fixed INTEGER (not a range), then this enables the backend UI manual management of clustered elastic search replicas
The possible values for
|Use the dotCMS autowire logic to set the replicas
based on the current alive dotCMS instances.
(any integer value)
|Use the specified number of static replicas.
|Sets a minimum number of replicas, and an
upper boundary on the number the index can expand to.
|Based on the specified upper boundary
For more information on setting the number of replicas, please see the Manual Cluster Configuration documentation.
Auto-Cluster Configuration Checklist
The following checklist outlines the steps required to establish an auto-cluster environment:
- Have a valid Enterprise contract with available server licenses.
- Request a license pack by submitting a ticket on the dotCMS Support website.
- Start up the first dotCMS server (server #1).
- Upload the license pack to the License Manager of server #1.
- Select a license from the pack to be used by server #1.
- Configure the second dotCMS server to share the same assets and database.
- Start up the second server (it will automatically join the cluster).
To add additional server nodes to the cluster, repeat steps 6 & 7 and each node will automatically be joined to the cluster (as long as unused licenses are still available*).
* Warning: If multiple nodes in the cluster are on the same physical server, then the Tomcat port and shutdown ports will need to be different for each node in the cluster. Ports can be configured in the server.xml file (/dotserver/tomcat-X.xx/conf/server.xml), to avoid conflicts.