Visitor Geolocation

Last Updated: May 7, 2020
documentation for the dotCMS Content Management System

You can retrieve geolocation information for the current visitor using the $visitor.geo object. The Visitor Geolocation information allows you to identify the user's location based on the user's IP address, and to retrieve specific location information such as the user's city, country, and time zone.


All of the following information can be accessed via the properties of the $visitor.geo object in your Velocity code:

DescriptionExample Values
(for Miami, FL, USA)
cityStringThe full name of the visitor's city."Miami"
companyStringThe name of the company the visitor's IP address is registered to.null
continentStringThe full name of the visitor's continent."North America"
continentCodeStringThe code for the visitor's continent."NA"
countryStringThe full name of the visitor's country."United States"
countryCodeStringThe code of the visitor's country."US"
ipAddressStringThe visitor's IP address.""
latitudeFloatThe latitude associated with the visitor's IP address.25.7617
longitudeFloatThe longitude associated with the visitor's IP address.-80.1918
subdivisionStringThe full name of the visitor's state, province, or region."Florida"
subdivisionCodeStringThe code for the visitor's state, province, or region."FL"
timezoneStringThe location-based name of the visitor's time zone."America/Miami"


  • To access an individual property, append the property name to the $visitor.geo object, as in the following example:
  • You may display all the properties of the $visitor.geo object at once, by displaying the entire object to the screen.
    • However the geolocation information is not displayed if you display the entire $visitor object to the screen; you must explicitly reference the $visitor.geo object for the geolocation information to be displayed.
  • The visitor's latitude and longitude are determined from the IP address of the current visitor viewing the Page.
  • All other values are determined based on this geolocated latitude and longitude.
    • Any inaccuracies in determining the visitor's latitude and longitude will cause inaccuracies in the values of all other properties.
  • The Example Value column provides example values for a user located in Miami, Florida, USA.

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